Research Associates

Professor Barbara Brookesotago047209

Professor, Department of History and Art History, University of Otago

Barbara Brookes is interested in the ideas of Maori intellectuals on race, including Apirana Ngata, Te Rangi Hiroa and Maui Pomare. Her recent work, with Dan Morrow, published in History and Anthropology (2013) addresses the way in which anthropologists understood the implications of social change in Maori communities in the mid twentieth century. This follows on from earlier work on fears about Maori and Chinese intimate relationships, published in Gender and History in 2007. Her interest in particular ‘racial moments’ is reflected in the volume she co-edited with Alison Holland, entitled  Rethinking the Racial Moment: Essays on the Colonial Encounter, Cambridge Scholars Press, 2011. Currently Barbara is considering the way in which different futures were imagined as the way forward for Maori in the second half of the nineteenth century as population numbers collapsed and the political outlook was bleak. One of those possible futures was presented by Hawaii where sovereignty appeared to remain in indigenous hands.

Raewyn ConnellProfessor Raewyn Connell

Professor Emerita, University of Sydney

Raewyn Connell has been working for some time on the sociology of intellectuals, and on knowledge production in the global South, broadly understood.  Her book “Southern Theory” (Allen & Unwin Australia, Polity Press UK, 2007) argues for the importance of analyses and concepts emerging from the colonized and postcolonial world, with chapters on Australia, South America, Africa, Iran and India.  More recent studies have examined theories of gender, and accounts of masculinity, emerging from the global South.  She is currently working with Fran Collyer (sociology, U Syd), Robert Morrell (University of Cape Town, South Africa) and Joao Maia (Fundacao Getulio Vargas, Brasil) on a study of knowledge production in southern tier countries, in the domains of HIV/AIDS, gender studies, and climate change.

Professor Janet Golden

Professor of History, Department of History, Rutgers University-Camden

Janet Golden was a visiting research fellow at REGS in March-May 2015. After returning to New York she came to recognize how vital its research interests were to her own scholarship and teaching – and what she might in turn offer to its scholars and research program. In 2015 Janet will teach a graduate course in Global Health as part of the research program in the Department of Public Policy and Administration at Rutgers. She will take advantage of the knowledge of the Pacific region gained during her visiting fellowship. Janet hopes to build her affiliation with REGS into a short-term visiting program for graduate students at Rutgers.

Professor Geoffrey Gray

Adjunct Professor, School of History, Religion and Classics, University of Queensland

Geoffrey Grey has published widely on the history of Australian social anthropology, particularly the tripartite relationship between anthropologists, government and indigenous/colonised peoples. He has written on race, ‘whiteness’, citizenship, and activism.

His research fellowship with the Australian Institute of Aboriginal and Torrest Strait Islander Studies (AIATSIS) has focused on history, tradition, and transformation, and his expertise is broadly in Australian Indigenous Studies.

Dr. Grey is currently Chief Investigator in an ARC Linkage Grant, Serving Our Country. His contribution to this project is a comparative history of labour use during war in three areas: northern Australia, PNG and the Solomon Islands.

Dr. Sebastián Gil-Riaño

Postdoctoral Research Fellow

Sebastian Gil-RianoI am a historian of twentieth century science and science studies scholar, whose research examines the mid-twentieth century repudiation of racial thought via the human sciences of Anglophone, Francophone, Latin American and post/colonial worlds. My doctoral dissertation is titled “Historicizing Anti-Racism: UNESCO’s campaigns against race prejudice in the 1950s,” and examines the knowledge practices and narratives of redemption that informed UNESCO’s anti-racism campaigns in the post-WWII era.

I am a historian of twentieth century science and science studies scholar, whose research examines the mid-twentieth century repudiation of racial thought via the human sciences of Anglophone, Francophone, Latin American and post/colonial worlds. My doctoral dissertation is titled “Historicizing Anti-Racism: UNESCO’s campaigns against race prejudice in the 1950s,” and examines the knowledge practices and narratives of redemption that informed UNESCO’s anti-racism campaigns in the post-WWII era.

Dr. Victoria GrievesCV2011A

ARC Indigenous Research Fellow in the Faculty of Arts at the University of Sydney.

Victoria Grieves is a trained historian, and her research interests are focussed on race and its intersections with gender and class in the Aboriginal family in all of its complexity, including connections to people from across the globe. She is deeply engaged with transdisciplinarity and approaches to knowledge production that privilege Indigenous knowledges. This has led her into exploring Transpacific connections as a way of illuminating the context of Indigenous disadvantage, including exploring the importance of Indigenous peoples as “sentinels” for the Anthropocene and their roles in environmental protection, climate change mitigation and food security. Her book Aboriginal Spirituality: Aboriginal Philosophy and the Social and Emotional Wellbeing of Aboriginal People is widely accessed and much cited. She is currently developing the research project “More than family history: Race, Gender and the Aboriginal family in Australian history” and about to begin her third ARC funded project, “Children born of War: Australia and the war in the pacific, 1941 – 1944.”

Dr. Claire Lowrie

Lecturer, School of Humanities and Social Inquiry, University of Wollongong

Claire’s research focuses on the history of tropical colonialism in northern Australia and Southeast Asia. She has published a monograph (Manchester University Press, 2016) and a number of journal articles and book chapters on the history of domestic service, especially male servitude, in the tropics. From 2009-14 she held an ARC Discovery Project grant with Julia Martinez, Victoria Haskins and Frances Steel on ‘Houseboys in the Asia-Pacific’.

Claire is currently developing a new project on ‘Colonial responses to the tropical climate in the Asia Pacific, 1880s-1930s’ for an ARC Discovery Early Career Researcher Award. The project will be an innovative embodied history of tropical colonialism in Malaya, the Philippines and northern Australia from the 1880s to the 1930s. By studying the bodily and sensory responses of British, Anglo-Australian and Anglo-American colonists, the project aims to generate new knowledge about how and why people adapt, fail to adapt and consciously refuse to adapt to a change in climate. Building on her previous work, the project will undertake a comparative and transcolonial analysis of two settler colonies and three exploitation colonies in the Asia-Pacific region (Lowrie 2016). The process of doing so will enable her to explore how ideas about whiteness and labour (productive and reproductive) played out in different tropical colonial projects.

Professor Roy MacLeodRoy MacLeod

Em. Professor, History and Philosophy of Science, University of Sydney

Over many years as an historian of science and empire, Roy MacLeod has become deeply concerned with the ways in which the discovery and occupation of new environments have shaped ideas of ‘race’, culture, and colonial and national identity. From India to Australasia and Oceania – and along the circumference of the ‘Pacific Circle’, he has traced the European experience of ‘discovering’ new peoples, places, and things. This experience he has incorporated in university courses that discuss the history and ideology of the ‘museum idea’, and the institutional role of the museum in transmitting authority within ‘contact zones’ and among cultures. An approach that combines this with the history of empire, science and medicine becomes a good way to pursue ideas of nature that underlie material culture, and contribute to changing fashions in codification, interpretation, representation, and display. In its architecture and practices, the museum embodies ideas that spur commerce and consumption, establish cultural influence, and shape political sovereignty among the races and ethnicities of the Global South.

Associate Professor Hans PolsAssociate Professor Hans Pols

History and Philosophy of Science, University of Sydney

Hans Pols is interested in the history of medicine, in particularly psychiatry, in the Dutch East Indies and Indonesia. He has conducted research on colonial psychiatry in the Dutch East Indies, in particular how racial views influenced psychiatric theories on the mental illnesses suffered by the indigenous population of the Dutch East Indies and how psychological research was used to justify colonial policy. He has also published research on eugenics in the Dutch East Indies and characterisations of Indo-Europeans in colonial medicine and sociology.

Dr. Ricardo RoqueTimor2012

Research Fellow, Institute of Social Sciences, University of Lisbon

Ricardo works on the history and anthropology of colonialism, human sciences, and cross-cultural contact in the Portuguese-speaking world, from 1800 to the twentieth-century. He has published widely in both Portuguese and English on the history of physical anthropology and colonial encounters in East Timor, Goa (India), and Angola. Additionally, he has written on the history of Portuguese colonial medicine.

Ricardo’s work explores the varied ways through which imageries of racial difference, affinity, and mixture were shaped as an object of the human and social sciences in the Portuguese-speaking world throughout the twentieth century. More positive views of race mixing have been considered to be a distinctive trait of twentieth-century Luso-Brazilian racial thought, vis-à-vis its Northern European counterpart. In this study, he intends to reassess this specificity comparatively, by following the circulation of racial theories, practices, and material culture across the Portuguese ‘global south’: Southern Africa (Angola, Mozambique, Cape Verde); South America (Brazil); and South and Southeast Asia (Goa and East Timor). As part of his work with REGS, he is co-organizing (with Warwick Anderson and Ricardo Ventura Santos) a major international workshop on the comparative study of racial conceptions in the Portuguese-speaking world.

Dr. Ricardo Ventura SantosRicardo Ventura Santos - foto - 2012

National School of Public Health of the Oswaldo Cruz Foundation and Department of Anthropology of the National Museum, Rio de Janeiro

Ricardo Ventura Santos is an anthropologist affiliated with the National School of Public Health of the Oswaldo Cruz Foundation, in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil. He also holds a faculty position at the Department of Anthropology of the National Museum.

He is particularly interested in health, race and ethnicity; the history of anthropology and science studies, with a focus on human biological variability studies; and health and demography of indigenous peoples.

He has written recently, with Vanderlei Sebastião de Souza, on the emergence of human population genetics in Brazil in the postwar period and the formation of national narratives. He has also written on ‘pharmacogenomics’ with Gláucia Oliveira da Silvab and Sahra Gibbonc: the impact of racial classification in scientific research and its implications in genetic thought.

Dr. Daniel Owen SpenceDaniel Owen Spence

Postdoctoral Research Fellow, International Studies Group, University of the Free State

Daniel Owen Spence is a historian of the late British Empire, whose debut monograph, Colonial naval culture and British imperialism, 1922-67, was published by Manchester University Press’ ‘Studies in Imperialism’ series in January 2015. With archival and oral research conducted in the UK, Caribbean, East Africa, Southeast and East Asia, this book reveals how racial ideologies affected the Royal Navy’s recruitment and management of Indigenous manpower, and the consequences their naval service had for British imperialism, colonial identities, ethnic relations, and decolonisation.

He has published several articles in major international journals including the Journal of Imperial and Commonwealth History and Journal of South Asian Studies, which trace colonial racial thinking in the naval indigenisation programmes of post-colonial India and Malaysia. Dr. Spence has also written A History of the Royal Navy: Empire and Imperialism (London: I.B. Tauris, 2015), which examines the navy’s influence on global history across five centuries.

He is currently developing his research into ‘seafaring race’ theory, a naval variant of ‘martial race’ theory, to understand how nineteenth-century colonialism and anthropology influenced ethnic divisions of naval labour, Indigenous agency in cultivating seafaring identities for economic and social gain, and how racial thought was transnationally formed, spread and manipulated across imperial-maritime networks.

Associate Professor Christine Winter

 ARC Future Fellow, School of History and International Relations, Flinders University

Christine Winter

Christine’s historical project, German Mixed-Race Diasporas in Southern Hemisphere Mandated Territories: Scientific theories, politics and identity transformation, emerges from more than a decade of researching the impact and legacies of German colonial rule in the South West Pacific, concentrating on ‘race-mixing’ and the continuity of German mixed-race elites in these colonial and post-colonial spaces.

Christine completed her PhD at the Research School of Pacific and Asian Studies, Australian National University in 2005 on transnational politics of the Lutheran mission society Neuendettelsau during the interwar years and the ascent of National Socialism. In 2010 she was awarded a Postdoctoral Research Fellowship at the University of Queensland, researching Legacies of the German Empire in Oceania: the transformation of German identity during the inter-war years. Her present project continues my interest in politics and identity transformation at the intersection of race and scientific knowledge production.

Christine analyses what impact German mixed-race peoples, as objects and subjects, had on the development of racial theory and practice in the Global South. In a longitudinal study she is exploring the transformation of identity of mixed-race German families through the 20thcentury, characterized by dramatic political changes, beginning with the end of the German colonial empire, and ending with independence and post-colonial Pacific Islander nations and Namibia. Her focus is on three ex-German Protectorates, that became C Mandates of the League of Nations in 1921, transformed after WWII until independence into Trusteeships of the United Nations: Samoa, under New Zealand administration, New Guinea, under Australian administration, and Namibia, administered by South Africa.


Poster installation series, mixed media 2005

Olga Krause: Deutsche Kuenstlerin

For mixed-race Germans, jostling between shifting colonial and national regimes, race was always an arbitrary signifier; assessment of descent was not legally clear-cut for colonial subjects generally but relied on additional moral and emotional judgments. Such indeterminacy also enabled a limited degree of personal agency for manipulation and subversion of racial status, particularly by people with real or imagined connections to Germany. Likewise mixed-origins provided a link to indigeneity during periods of anti- and post colonialism, necessitating radical identity transformation.

For an introduction see: Christine Winter, ‘Changing Frames: Identity and citizenship of New Guineans of German heritage during the inter-war years’, Journal of Pacific History 47, no. 3 (2012): 347-67.

Have a look at the webpage of my friend and Colleague Janice Leafa Wilson aka Olga Hedwig Krause! She makes me look and think harder.